spotlight Highlights from history: July 20 Jul 20, 2019 Facebook Twitter SMS Email Print Save Highlights from major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1861: Congress of the Confederate States In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States convened in Richmond, Virginia. Anonymous 1944: Adolf Hitler In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion only wounded the Nazi leader. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1944: Democratic convention In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago. Anonymous 1960: Polaris missile In 1960, a pair of Polaris missiles were fired from the submerged USS George Washington off Cape Canaveral, Fla., at a target more than 1,100 miles away. Jim Kerlin 1968: Special Olympics In 1968, the first International Special Olympics Summer Games, organized by Eunice Kennedy Shriver, were held at Soldier Field in Chicago. Fred Jewell 1969: Apollo 11 On July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1976: Viking 1 In 1976, America's Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars. STF 1977: Johnstown Flood In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing more than 80 people and causing $350 million worth of damage. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1982: IRA bombing In 1982, Irish Republican Army bombs exploded in two London parks, killing eight British soldiers, along with seven horses belonging to the Queen's Household Cavalry. Peter Kemp 1989: Aung San Suu Kyi In 1989, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi (soo chee) was placed under house arrest by the military government of Myanmar. NATION 1990: William J. Brennan In 1990, Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan, one of the court's most liberal voices, announced he was stepping down. STF 1993: Vincent Foster Jr. In 1993, White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr., 48, was found shot to death in a park near Washington, D.C.; his death was ruled a suicide. STEPHAN SAVOIA 2009: Endeavour spacewalk Ten years ago: The astronauts aboard the shuttle-station complex celebrated the 40th anniversary of man's first moon landing with their own spacewalk. Anonymous 2012: Colorado Shooting In 2012, gunman James Holmes opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight showing of "The Dark Knight Rises," killing 12 people and wounding 70 others. (Holmes was later convicted of murder and attempted murder, and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.) Ed Andrieski 2014: Rory McIlroy Five years ago: Rory McIlroy completed a wire-to-wire victory in the British Open to capture the third leg of the career Grand Slam, closing with a 1-under 71 for a two-shot victory over Sergio Garcia and Rickie Fowler. Scott Heppell 2018: GOP North Carolina 2020 One year ago: Charlotte, North Carolina, was chosen to host the 2020 Republican National Convention. Chuck Burton 2018: Trump China Trade One year ago: President Donald Trump escalated his threats to punish China for its trade policies, warning in an interview airing on CNBC that he was prepared to impose tariffs on all Chinese imports. Andrew Harnik Tags Wire Timegoggles Sweeps Facebook Twitter SMS Email Print Save Recommended View All Promotions promotion Bitterroot Valley Vista 2017 promotion Research decades of articles the easy way!